Cervical cancer usually develops slowly over time. It starts in a woman’s cervix, which is the lower, narrow part of the uterus and connects the uterus with the vagina. Before cancer forms, abnormal cells begin to appear in the cervical tissue, a process called dysplasia. Over time, the abnormal cells may become cancer cells and start to grow and spread more deeply into the cervix and to surrounding areas.
Ovarian cancer includes cancers that begin in the cells in the ovary, fallopian tube, or (rarely) peritoneum. The cancers are closely related and are treated the same way. They also tend to be aggressive.
Uterine cancer is the most common cancer occurring in a woman’s reproductive system. It is the fourth most common cancer for women in the United States.
Vaginal cancer is an uncommon cancer of the female reproductive system. When found early, this cancer can often be cured.